The Math Section of the SAT covers the following information.
  • Numbers and Operations
    • Arithmetic word problems (including percent, ratio and proportion)
    • Properties of integers (even, odd, prime numbers, divisibility, etc)
    • Rational Numbers
    • Sets (union, intersection, elements)
    • Counting techniques
    • Sequences and series (including exponential growth)
    • Elementary Number Theory

  • Algebra and Functions
    • Substitution and simplifying algebraic expressions
    • Properties of exponents
    • Algebraic word problems
    • Solutions of linear equations and inequalities
    • Systems of equations and inequalities
    • Quadratic equations
    • Rational and radical equations
    • Equations of lines
    • Absolute value
    • Direct and inverse variation
    • Concepts of algebraic functions
    • Newly definied symbols based on commonly used operations

  • Geometry and Measurement
    • Area and perimeter of a polygon
    • Area and circumference of a circle
    • Volume of a box, cube and cylinder
    • Pythagorean Theorem and special properties of isosceles, equilateral and right triangles
    • Properties of parallel and perpendicular lines
    • Coordinate geometry
    • Geometric visualization
    • Slope
    • Similarity
    • Transformations

  • Data Analysis, Statistics and Probability
    • Data interpretation (tables and graphs)
    • Descriptive statistics (mean, median, mode)
    • Probability

Here is a short sampler of practice math SAT questions.

A few
SAT math tips for you to check out!

While this
site does make you pay to use its services, it does give a VERY extensive list of all math topics on the SAT. I'd check it out for just that!

Here is an
article with many links to help you with the math section of the SAT! offers this
SAT Math Study Guide.